“Do not fear people with Autism, embrace them,
What is Autism Spectrum Disorder?
Autism Spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex developmental disability. It typically appears during the first three years of life, which impairs a child's ability to communicate and interact with others. It also includes restricted repetitive behaviors, interests and activities. These issues cause significant impairment in social, occupational and other areas of function for children/adults.
ASD is defined by a certain set of behaviors and is a “spectrum condition” that affects individuals differently and to varying degrees. No two individuals are alike. Some of the behaviors associated with autism include delayed learning of language; difficulty holding a conversation; difficulty with executive functioning, which relates to reasoning and planning; narrow, intense interests; poor motor skills’ and sensory sensitivities.
There is no known single cause or cure of autism, but increased awareness, early diagnosis/intervention and access to appropriate services/supports lead to significantly improved outcomes.
In March 2014, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) had issued a report that concluded that the prevalence of autism has risen to 1 in 68 births in the United States.
About 1 in 68 children have been identified with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) according to estimates from CDC's Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring (ADDM) Network. ~ CDC Data & Statistics
Signs and Symptoms of Autism
•Not respond to their name (the child may appear deaf)
•Not point at objects or things of interest, or demonstrate interest
•Not play “pretend” games
•Little or no eye contact
•Want to be alone
•Have difficulty understanding, or showing understanding, or other people’s feelings or their own
•Have no speech or delayed speech
•Repeat words or phrases over and over (echolalia)
•Give unrelated answers to questions
• Insistence on sameness; resistance to change
•Have obsessive interests
•Flap their hands, rock their body, or spin in circles
•Have unusual reactions (over or under-sensitivity) to the way things sound, smell, taste, look, or feel
•Have low to no social skills
•Avoid or resist physical contact
•Demonstrate little safety or danger awareness
•Reverse pronouns (e.g., says “you” instead of “I”)
•Laughing and/or crying for no apparent reason and includes showing distress for no apparent reason
•Uneven gross or fine motor skills
•Not wanting to cuddle or be cuddled
•Sustained odd play
•over-activity or under-activity
•Have extreme anxiety and phobias, as well as unusual phobias
•Line up toys or other objects
•Hyperactivity (very active)
•Impulsivity (acting without thinking)
•Short attention span
•Unusual eating and sleeping habits
•Unusual mood or emotional reactions
•Lack of fear or more fear than expected
•Have unusual sleeping habits
HOW CAN YOU HELP?
Darlington County Autism Support Group is always looking for volunteers to help make a difference in the lives of the ASD families.